Lockheed T-33 T-Bird/Shooting Star (Trainer)
It’s not easy to transition from flying a piston-powered aircraft to a jet, as many military pilots found out after WWII. The high number of crashes led Lockheed to modify the sleek P-80 into the first jet trainer, the T-33 Shooting Star (or T-Bird). The design was a good one—despite its age, the T-33 remains in service worldwide today.
The bubble canopy provided good visibility to the student in front and instructor in back. The extended nose allowed for larger fuel tanks and a greater range than the P-80C. A straight wing gave good performance at low altitudes and excellent maneuverability.
A total of 6,557 Shooting Stars were produced from 1948 to 1959. The USN version (designated TV-2, redesignated T-33B in 1962) entered service in 1949. A carrier version, in the 1950s, was called the T2V-1/T-1A SeaStar. The T-33 was also the prototype for the F-94 Starfire fighter. Canadian T-33s were called C-133 Silver Stars.
The USAF NT-33A flew until the 80s, even though phasing out began in the 1960s when T-37 Tweet and T-38 Talon aircraft came on line. This also happened in the Navy with the T-2 Buckeye and TA-4 Skyhawk II, but the T-Birds continued to serve as utility aircraft, trainers, drone leaders, and targets for missiles.
The T-33 is one of the world's best-known aircraft, having flown for more than 20 nations.
First flight on March 22, 1948
One Allison J33-A-35 centrifugal compressor turbojet,
5,400 lbf (23 kN)
38 ft 10.5 in (11.86 m)
37 feet 9 inches (11.49 m)
11 ft 8 in (3.57 m)
2 × 0.50 in (12.7 mm) Browning M3 machine guns; 2,000 lb
(907 kg) bombs or rocket pods